Pompeii is a symbolic disaster of truly epic proportions--the result of Mount Vesuvius catastrophicallyblowing its stack sometime in the autumn of 79 AD. It's said that the eruption took place a day after the festival of the Roman god, Vulcanalia, making for interesting timing. Nevertheless, the event marked the final day of life in ancient Pompeii. The blast obliterated everything in its path and buried Pompeii under ash and pumice, leaving the site lost for well more than a millennium.
For reference, the ruins of Pompeii are located south of Rome itself, between the modern cities of Naples and Salerno. Researchers believe that the town was founded in the seventh or sixth century BC, and was captured a hundred years or so later by the Romans in 80 BC. It ultimately became a gem of the empire--a countryside getaway dotted with summer villas. It was home to a thriving port for commerce, and the streets teamed with art and a culture. By the time of its destruction, the population was probably around 20,000. Residents enjoyed a
We know all of this because Vesuvius covered the city in around 75 feet of ash within 6 hours of the start of the eruption. This mummified the entire city, locking it in time. Tiles, cups, urns, and whole buildings were preserved as they were on the day of the eruption. What ever was in the city stayed in the city--including the Pompeians.
It's mistakenly believed that the victims suffocated from the lack of oxygen. The reality is that they died